The Internet of Things (IoT) is a rapidly approaching technological change that envisions ubiquitous and network-accessible digital instrumentation and actuation of literally every "thing" we encounter in everyday life. Like the World Wide Web (now simply called The Internet) before it, IoT will likely represent another societal sea change as objects in the physical world become network-enabled so that they can communicate and interact with people and, autonomously, with each other.
This technological vision also carries with it significant new challenges. With estimates of between 50 billion and 1 trillion network-connected IoT devices in the next 20 years, the energy efficiency of these devices and the network technologies that interconnect them is paramount to their utility. Moreover, the current Internet architecture, which is evolving to accommodate cloud computing, will require substantial additional innovation and augmentation before IoT will come to complete fruition.
In this talk, we will discuss some of the computer science research questions that have grown from early experiences in architecting and deploying working IoT systems and infrastructure. In particular, the talk will focus on potential new approach to software infrastructure that is designed to meet many of the current and future IoT challenges.
To save power, reduce network latency, and easy network congestion, devices export data and actuation services that are accessed by applications running in the cloud. "Flipping" the current Internet architecture in this way, with services at the extreme edge of the network and applications running at the core (i.e., in the cloud), requires a new technological approach that creates a Software Platform of Things -- SPOT -- spanning devices, computing elements located at the edge (e.g. edge clouds), and traditional cloud data centers.
We will outline our experiences in building and deploying IoT systems using this new "flipped" approach to cloud computing discuss the myriad of new research opportunities that arise as a result.
Dr. Rich Wolski is a Professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) where he holds the Duval Presidential Chair in Energy Efficiency. Having received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of California at Davis (while a research scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) he has also held positions at the University of California, San Diego, and the University of Tennessee, the the San Diego Supercomputer Center and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Rich has led several national scale research efforts in the area of distributed systems and is the progenitor of the Eucalyptus open source cloud project.
Exscalate (EXaSCale smArt pLatform Against paThogEns) is a drug-discovery platform that includes a "chemical library" of several hundred billions of molecules and a processing capacity in the order of millions of molecules per second. The platform represents a powerful tool to accelerate the in-silico computational phase of the development of new therapies, called virtual screening process, which needs to exploit at the best the underlying supercomputing resources. Exscalate platform is owned by Dompé Farmaceutici and developed thanks to a collaboration between Dompé, Cineca, and Politecnico di Milano. The Exscalate platform has already been used in 2019 in the context of the Antarex European project for the study of the Zika virus. This talk will describe the Exscalate platform currently used in the EXscalate4CoV Project funded by the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 programme for research and innovation to accelerate the search for drugs against the coronavirus and to fight future pandemics. In the race against the coronavirus, the platform can now count on the two most powerful supercomputers in Europe: the new HPC5 system installed in Italy at the energy company Eni and the Marconi-100 system installed at the Cineca Italian supercomputing center.
Exscalate4CoV European Project
Cristina Silvano is a Full Professor of Computer Engineering at the Politecnico di Milano. She is currently the Chair of the research area on Computer Science and Engineering and Vice-Chair of the PhD programme in Information Technology for Computer Science and Engineering at Politecnico di Milano. Her research focuses on computer architectures and electronic design automation focusing on design space exploration for energy-efficient computer architectures and application autotuning for manycores and HPC systems. She has been Project Coordinator of the European research projects ANTAREX, 2PARMA and MULTICUBE. She is currently responsible of the task force on High Performance Computing for the Exscalate4CoV H2020 European project on accelerating the virtual screening in the drug discovery process to fight pandemics. She is also responsible for the POLIMI research unit of the H2020 AI4DI European project on artificial intelligence for digitizing industry in collaboration with STMicroelectronics. She is an active member of the scientific community and she regularly serves in several international program committees. She is Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. on Computers and the ACM Trans. on Architecture and Code Optimization. She served as Independent Expert Reviewer for the European Commission and for several science foundations. She is an IEEE Fellow and a member of the HiPEAC network.
Sustainability has become a key driver of business decisions for many corporations. All major information technology companies have committed to reducing their environmental impact and moving towards a more sustainable future. Data centers themselves are an integral part of the modern IT infrastructure, and their rapid growth now and into the future make them a significant contributor to carbon, water and waste issues. In addition, the demands that the data centers place on the global ecosystem impact the entire planet.
We will examine the sustainability benefits and challenges of modern data centers from the building infrastructure to the architecture of the servers, and from the carbon emissions resulting from the manufacturing and use of the systems to their eventual waste disposal. Although the talk focuses on data centers, many of the topics and challenges are applicable to other computer products and designs. This talk will provide inspiration for the academic community to incorporate sustainability as a primary objective (first class citizen?) in how we design and use current and future systems.
Srilatha (Bobbie) Manne has worked in the computer industry for over two decades in both industrial labs and product teams at Compaq, Intel, AMD and Cavium. She is currently a Principal Hardware Engineer in the Azure Hardware Systems and Infrastructure group at Microsoft. Her work has focused on power and performance analysis from processor microarchitecture to data centers. Srilatha has continued to publish while in industry, and has over 20 patents granted. She served as the General Chair for ISCA 2019 and has served on numerous program committees throughout the years. Her latest passion is collaborating with, and learning from, an interdisciplinary group of engineers and technical experts on sustainability topics centered around data centers. She currently lives in Seattle with her husband and two children.
Best Paper Award
Winner: Bit-Exact ECC Recovery (BEER): Determining DRAM On-Die ECC Functions by Exploiting DRAM Data Retention Characteristics
Runner-Up: Virtualized Logical Qubits: A 2.5D Architecture for Error-Corrected Quantum Computing
Student Research Competition Winners
Undergraduate: Guyue Huang
Graduate: Peng Gu
MICRO Hall of Fame
Nael Abu-Ghazaleh, Jorge Albericio, Jason Mars, Lingjia Tang, Thomas F. Wenisch
B. Ramakrishna Rau Award